LEWY, ISRAEL (1841–1917), rabbi and scholar. Born in Inowroclaw (Hohensalza), Poland, Lewy studied at the Breslau Jewish Theological Seminary. At the opening of the hochschule fuer die Wissenschaft des Judentum in Berlin in 1872, he became its lecturer in Talmud. In 1883 he returned to the Breslau Seminary in the same capacity and as Seminarrabbiner. Apart from his erudition in all branches of Jewish and general scholarship, Lewy brought a keen analytical sense and conjectural brilliance to the field of talmudical studies. He combined this freedom of enquiry with deep piety and strict observance. Lewy's scholarly output is relatively small in quantity, but terse in style and free of polemics. It mainly appeared in the annual reports of the Hochschule and the Breslau seminary. His important works include Ueber einige Fragmente aus der Mischna des Abba Saul (1876), a study in the sources of the Mishnah which has been called a classic example of modern talmudic research; Mechilta des R. Simon (1889), a study preparing the way for D. Hoffmann and J.N. Epstein in this field; and the first six chapters of Bava Kamma in the Jerusalem Talmud, with commentary and introduction (1895–1914). A Festschrift in Lewy's honor was published in 1911 (ed. by M. Brann and I. Elbogen). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Brann, Geschichte des juedisch-theologischen Seminars (1904), 110, 131 (bibliography); Jahresbericht des … Seminars Breslau (1917), 1ff.; I. Elbogen, in: AZDJ, 8 (1917), 460ff. (bibliography); E.E. Urbach, in: G. Kisch (ed.), Das Breslauer Seminar (1963), 177–82 (Heb.). (Jacob Rothschild)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Lewy, Israel — (1841 1917)    German rabbi and scholar. He was born in Inowroclaw, Poland. He became a lecturer in Talmud at the Hochschule fur die Wissenschaft des Judentum in Berlin, then in 1883 took up an appointment at the Breslau Rabbinical Seminary. He… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Israel Lewy — (1841 1917) was a German Jewish scholar. He was educated at the Jewish Theological Seminary and the University in Breslau. In 1874 he was appointed docent at the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums in Berlin, and in 1883, on the death …   Wikipedia

  • Israel Lewy — (* 7. Januar 1841 in Inowrazlaw; † 8. September 1917 in Breslau[1]) war ein deutsch jüdischer Gelehrter. Er besuchte das Jüdisch Theologische Seminar in Breslau und die Universität in Breslau. 1874 wurde er zum Dozenten an die Lehranstalt für die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • ISRAEL PRIZE — The Israel Prize, instituted in 1953, is awarded by the minister of education and culture on the recommendation of judges appointed for each subject for outstanding work in the following fields: Jewish Studies (and Rabbinical Literature),… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mordechay Lewy — (b. May 15, 1948) is an Israeli diplomat, currently Israel s Ambassador to the Holy See. Twice married and the father of three, Lewy joined the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1975. His nomination as Ambassador to the Holy See in May 2008… …   Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Ephraim Lewy — Wilhelm Ephraim (Seev/Wolf) Lewy (* 28. November 1876 in Breslau, Niederschlesien; † 14. Februar 1949 in Kalifornien, USA) deutscher Rabbiner, der als Student Mitbegründer und geistiger Vater des ersten jüdischen Turn und Sportvereins… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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